How to lay turf - instant turf installation guide
Here you can find the comprehensive guide on laying turf. This guide will take you through the process step-by-step. From how to prepare soil for laying new turf through to how to lay turf for the greenest, softest result.
This guide provides a detailed overview of DIY lawn installation. It will cover several steps including preparing the area, soil preparation, instant lawn grass variety and laying turf. This guide is perfect for all grass types including Nullarbor Couch, Sir Walter DNA Certified buffalo, TifTuf bermuda and Sir Grange zoysia.
This guide includes a downloadable PDF that summarises the information. You can print this information out for easy reference on site.
If you find this guide overwhelming you can contact our turf laying Brisbane team for a free onsite quote. We can help you achieve your required finish with minimal fuss on both domestic homes and commercial properties.
This section provides a do-it-yourself guide to preparing your turf for best results.
Before your turf arrives
Remove the weeds either by hand or spray with a glyphosate herbicide (e.g. Roundup), then wait until the weeds die (7 to 10 days). A second application may be required. Remove all debris including any small rocks and twigs.
Tip: Laying turf next to existing grass is straightforward, but it’s not advised to lay it over existing lawn. If removing an existing lawn and replacing it with a new variety, consider hiring a turf cutter for large areas.
Use a rotary hoe (available for hire) to cultivate the whole area. You can also dig it over thoroughly with a garden fork to a depth of about 150mm. Remove any rocks, stones or sticks that come to the surface as you cultivate. If you are applying gypsum (to help loosen up clay soil), this is the stage to do it.
Incorporate the turf underlay soil, spreading to a depth of 100mm, depending on your site soil. For a depth of 100mm you will need to order 2m³ of underlay for every 20m² of turf area. Level off the imported soil with a rake to ensure the surface has the correct gradient and is level. Please ensure the finished surface is left firm. To comply with building regulations, finished turf must sit 75mm below weep holes.
Sandy loam is recommended for under turf. Sandy soil provides the best drainage. If organic compost such as manure is used, ensure it is well composted. (Please note that we always recommend installing Sir Grange Zoysia on 100 – 200mm of sand. Avoid soil or compost mixtures).
Measure up the area, marking the dimensions on a sketch of the area. If you are uncertain as to the amount you will need when laying new turf, you can contact our team for assistance. We will work out the quantity required and advise you of the most suitable turf variety for your specific area.
For more detailed information see our turf calculator.
Laying Your Lawn
When your turf arrives
Turf grass is a living product, it is vital to install your new lawn as soon as possible after delivery.
Quality turf is cut fresh at the turf farm and delivered within 24 hours. No matter what the turf type, laying the turf the day you receive it is essential to avoid any drying out and overheating.
Tip: When starting your lawn installation, always begin from a straight edge such as driveway or paving. Lay the turf in a brick pattern, ensuring the edges fit snugly together for a level lawn. Ensure you lay the turf slabs hard up against the last piece to avoid air pockets. When working on a lawn area that is on a slope, lay the turf slabs across the slope.
Cut the slabs of turf to fit around obstacles such as trees, garden beds and edging. To cut the turf, use a sharp spade, sharp knife or garden shears.
Tip: Save the trimmed off pieces to use to fill little gaps later on.
Use a water-filled lawn roller to roll the turf to connect the roots well into the underlay. These can be hired from your local hire equipment store.
Tip: Without this essential step, the roots may dry out and the turf will struggle to establish. This step will help your turf to take root faster, and keep its colour during establishment.
Water your lawn grass really well, thoroughly soaking each square metre of the newly installed turf. For the best lawn care, the soil must be kept moist until the roots of the turf have established – usually around 10 to 14 days. The time of year will determine how much water is required, in warmer months more water will need to be applied. To get more detailed information on watering please see our watering guide.
Tip: To check if the roots of your lawn have been established, try to lift a corner of the turf. If it holds well it’s established, if it comes away in your hand it needs more time.