Lawn care - lawn maintenance guide
Here you will find the comprehensive guide on lawn care. This guide will take you through the basic steps required for regular lawn maintenance. It includes general lawn care tips covering a broad range of topics.
The guide provides a detailed overview of DIY lawn care, with links to more detailed information on specific topics. Topics covered include mowing your lawn, lawn weeds, lawn aeration, lawn fertiliser, wetting agents and top dressing your lawn.
More specific topics are also addressed. These include when to fertilize lawn, grass fertilizer, winter lawn fertiliser, lawn feed and when to top dress lawn. There are also tips for specific grass varieties including couch grass maintenance, buffalo lawn care, and zoysia grass maintenance.
So before you hire lawn mowing services, garden maintenance or gardening services look through our guide. Regularly caring for your turf brings great rewards from a relatively small effort, and may also save you money.
This guide includes a downloadable PDF which summarises the information. You can print this information out for easy reference
Maintenance of your turf
Deep soaking of your lawn promotes strong turf grass growth. It is better for root development than regular light watering when caring for your turf.
For the best lawn health, we recommend one deep watering per week. This will change depending on the time of year. Less water is required in cooler months, and more water is required in hotter months. Especially in our climate, we recommend you water in the morning.
It is essential that water goes deep into the soil base. This makes sure turf grass develops a very strong, deep root base and encourages strong turf growth.
It is important to check water penetration when watering your lawn. If water is running off your lawn you may need to apply a wetting agent to help your soil take up water.
Properly caring for your turf requires regular mowing with sharp blades to promote healthy lawn growth. By using sharp blades your mower cuts the grass instead of tearing the grass like blunt blades.
Mowing too low removes the grass ‘leaf’ and its ability to generate energy to grow.
Always follow the one-third rule and never remove more than 1/3 of the leaf in a single mow. This can result in shallow root growth which means a less resistant drought-grass with dry patches and weeds. Mowing regularly will not only reduce scalping but also encourages more lateral growth making a healthier lawn.
If you have a mulching mower you may want to not use a catcher to allow the clippings to feed your lawn. However, if you do not have a mulching mower it is best to collect and dispose of your clippings as green waste.
Healthy lawns need little weeding, while compacted soil usually displays open ground which encourages weed growth.
Caring for your turf with the correct use of selective herbicides and good fertilising practices will control most weed species.
Herbicide can be used to treat weed-infested lawns. Make sure you choose one that is appropriate to your lawn type and follow the labels instructions.
The most common lawn pest our customers face is lawn grubs, which is really a common term covering two types of caterpillar the armyworm and sod webworm. These leaf-eating pests are most active from October through till early April.
There is an easy test you can perform to check if you have lawn grubs. Simply pour a bucket of soapy water over an area that you think is affected, and if they are there they will come to the surface. An early warning sign of their presence is often small moths or wasps flying around your lawn at dusk.
There are several products for killing lawn grubs, but there is only one product with residual protection. This product is Acelepryn and is available from our online store in a safe and easy to use granular form, Acelepryn GR.
Check out the Online Shop for our full range of pest control products.
Turf grass thrives better with a balanced application of the right nutrients. To maintain optimum growth when caring for your lawn, grass requires 16 essential nutrients. The main elements required are nitrogen (n), phosphorus (p) and potassium (k).
These nutrients encourage a healthy deep root base and develop deep colouring. It also assists your lawn to out-compete weeds and tolerate stress better. For the best lawn health, we recommend using a slow release fertiliser to deliver these nutrients.
When applying fertiliser always water in well to reduce the risk of burning the grass. It is better to spread a little fertiliser more often, than greater amounts less regularly.
Check out the Online Shop for a range of suitable fertilising products.
What does NPK mean
There are several ways to reduce compaction that range from simple tasks completed with existing equipment to motorized equipment you can hire. Compacted lawn can be worked over with a garden fork, a coring machine or a spiked roller.
A matching piece of turf can simply be cut to size, fitted into place and watered in.
Single slabs or small orders can be collected from our Acacia Ridge sales office or your nearest Bunnings store.
Your lawn is a living product and so its health and needs are tied closely to the seasons.
The seasons also provide the perfect opportunity to schedule in some simple tasks that will make your lawn easier to maintain all year round.
Spring is the heavy growing season and the best time for many of the larger lawn care projects, however there are some great tips for every season.
There are some great simple tips covering mowing, watering, fertilising and weed & pest control across all four seasons. See our handy Lawn Care Calendar here.